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                                            高尔夫运动简介

                                             


                                            1. “高尔夫”是GOLF的音译,由四个英文词汇的首字母缩写构成。它们分别是: Green, Oxygen, Light, Friendship。意思是"绿色,氧气,阳光,友谊",它是一种把享受大自然乐趣、体育锻炼和游戏集于一身的运动。高尔夫球运动是一种以棒击球入穴的球类运动。如今,现代高尔夫球运动已经成为贵族运动的代名词,是中国古代一种名为?#25353;?#20024;”的球戏演变而来的。

                                              相传,苏格兰是高尔夫球的发源地,当时,牧羊?#21496;?#24120;?#20204;?#32650;棍击石子,比赛击得远且准,这就是早期的高尔夫球运动。
                                              19世纪,高尔夫球传入美国。1922年,世界?#31995;?#19968;次国际性比赛是美国对英国的“沃克杯”高尔夫球对抗赛。高尔夫球于20世纪初引入中国。高尔夫球运动是在室外广阔的草地上进行,设9或18个穴。运动员逐一击球入穴,以击球次数少者为胜。比赛一般?#20540;?#25171;和团体两种。
                                              1860年,英格兰举行了最早的高尔夫球公开赛。在这一年中,印度、加拿大、新西兰、美国等国家也相继举办比赛,继而进行国际、洲际及至世界性的比赛。世界杯、英格兰和美国公开赛这三项比赛,可?#36816;?#26159;高尔夫球的最高水平的?#21917;?/div>
                                              高尔夫球起?#20174;?5世纪的苏格兰。当时的牧羊人常用赶羊的棍子玩一种击石子的游戏,比?#20154;?#20987;得远击得准,这种游戏后来就演变成为高尔夫球。在电影《霍比特人?#20998;校?#29976;道夫说的高尔夫的起源是:“比尔博·巴金斯的曾曾曾祖叔“吼牛”图克在绿地战役对战半兽?#21496;?#38431;,猛挥棒棍把兽人王的?#28304;?#25249;了下来,那?#20998;?#25509;飞?#24605;?#30334;米掉到兔子洞里。于是赢?#22235;?#22330;战役,也由此发明了高尔夫球比赛!”这段话当时在电影院里笑翻不少观众!!
                                              根据?#38203;?#32463;》记载,捶丸游戏者互相尊重对方,还从对方的立场考虑如何击球,
                                              高尔夫
                                              高尔夫(2张)
                                               是一项十分绅士的运动。元朝时期的绘画?#24052;?#20024;图壁画”也证明了?#25353;?#20024;”就是现在的高尔夫。
                                              明朝时期所绘的“宣宗行乐图”也印证了?#26031;?#28857;。体魄健壮的宣宗手持?#33487;?#22312;凝视前方,好像在思索如何挥杆击球。树立欲求到中间的大树酷似一扇大窗户。达10米左右,宣宗准备一杆将球击过大树。此画一角还有手持球杆奔跑过来的球童。其实?#25353;?#20024;”是有中国大陆的?#23433;?#25171;球”演变发展而来的。至于究竟起于何时无从考究。?#38203;?#32463;》一书就是当时人们为了详?#26438;得?#25462;丸规则的书。
                                              捶丸的打法和高尔夫球也一致。如“人将木圆球儿打起老高,便落于窝内”,“击起球儿落入窝者胜”,“球行,或腾起,或斜起,或轮转,各随窝所在之宜”,“或立而击,或跪而击,节?#21487;?#22810;”。这些记述非常形象地?#24471;鰨喝?#22312;打球时,只能是站着将球打起老高,击起的球在空中作弧形滑行,要越过“?#20064;?#33853;入窝者才为胜。像今天的高尔夫球比赛一样,那时的捶丸就有侧旋球、内外旋球等不同击球方式了。而且,除了站着击球式还有跪着击球式,各种姿?#22378;?#22810;。


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                                                                                    快3贵州开
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